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Why Singletons are destroyed after five minutes

Author: zemna
Date: April 17, 2021
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INFO: Why Singletons are destroyed after five minutes


Ingo Rammer


I have a C# class that is being exposed via remoting as a Singleton Server Activated Object.

However, sometimes this object just disappears and a new one is created. Shouldn't only a single instance ever exist for a Singleton?


Remoting uses a so called "lease based" lifetime services. When you create an object it has a certain time-to-live (normally 5 minutes) upon every methodcall you place from your client onto the object an additional time ("RenewOnCallTime", usually 2 minutes) will be added to the object's lifetime.

This is also valid for Singletons - the only difference is that the server employs a guarantee, that there either exists exactly one instance or none at all.

When you don't call the server for about 5 minutes, the object will be garbage collected. You can work around this using two schemes:

First, you can provide different leases than the default:

public class Foo : MarshalByRefObject {
public override Object InitializeLifetimeService()
ILease lease = (ILease)base.InitializeLifetimeService();
if (lease.CurrentState == LeaseState.Initial) {
lease.InitialLeaseTime = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(100);
lease.SponsorshipTimeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(2);
lease.RenewOnCallTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(100);
return lease;

This piece of code will ensure that the MarshalByRefObject will live for at least 100 minutes.

If you want your singleton to live forever, you can simply return null:

public class Foo : MarshalByRefObject
public override Object InitializeLifetimeService()
return null;

The second way is to use different sponsor-object [on the client, the server or somewhere else]. Upon running out of lease time the .NET-Remoting framework will call the sponsor of the object an ask it, if it wants to renew or increase the lease time. The sponsor now has 2 Minutes (ILease SponsorshipTimeout) to answer this request, else the object will time-out. 

출처 : http://www.thinktecture.com/resourcearchive/net-remoting-faq/singletonisdying

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