Why Singletons are destroyed after five minutes

October 7, 2008

INFO: Why Singletons are destroyed after five minutes

Ingo Rammer


I have a C# class that is being exposed via remoting as a Singleton Server Activated Object.

However, sometimes this
object just disappears and a new one is created. Shouldn't only a
single instance ever exist for a Singleton?


Remoting uses a so
called "lease based" lifetime services. When you create an object it
has a certain time-to-live (normally 5 minutes) upon every methodcall
you place from your client onto the object an additional time
("RenewOnCallTime", usually 2 minutes) will be added to the object's

This is also valid for
Singletons - the only difference is that the server employs a
guarantee, that there either exists exactly one instance or none at

When you don't call the
server for about 5 minutes, the object will be garbage collected. You
can work around this using two schemes:

First, you can provide different leases than the default:

public class Foo : MarshalByRefObject {
  public override Object InitializeLifetimeService()
    ILease lease = (ILease)base.InitializeLifetimeService();
    if (lease.CurrentState == LeaseState.Initial)  {
      lease.InitialLeaseTime = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(100);
      lease.SponsorshipTimeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(2);
      lease.RenewOnCallTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(100);
    return lease;

This piece of code will ensure that the MarshalByRefObject will live for at least 100 minutes.

If you want your singleton to live forever, you can simply return null:

public class Foo : MarshalByRefObject
  public override Object InitializeLifetimeService()
    return null;

The second way is to
use different sponsor-object [on the client, the server or somewhere
else]. Upon running out of lease time the .NET-Remoting framework will
call the sponsor of the object an ask it, if it wants to renew or
increase the lease time. The sponsor now has 2 Minutes (ILease
SponsorshipTimeout) to answer this request, else the object will

출처 : http://www.thinktecture.com/resourcearchive/net-remoting-faq/singletonisdying

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram